“Present Simple and Present Continuous Tenses”


I suppose the reason the two are mistaken for each other is that they are similar in sound when speaking. I often hear students saying “I am speak” or “I speaking” etc. Apart from using the wrong tense, students often use the wrong structure. In this blog I am going to go through the important …

“The Importance of Prepositions”


Many English learners have trouble with prepositions. Using the incorrect preposition can completely change the context of a sentence and cause the speaker problems. So the correct use of prepositions is vitally important in English. For example, the difference between “to” and “at” in the context of throwing a ball could save your life. If …

“Determiners”


There are two main types of determiners: specific and general. Let’s look at specific determiners first. The definite article – ‘the’ – is a specific determiner. If we say ‘the table’, it is assumed that both the speaker and the listener know which table is being talked about. Demonstratives form another group of specific determiners: …

“Prepositions for Days and Times”


When we talk about a specific time of the clock or the calendar – for example 5pm or Easter – we use the preposition ‘at’, e.g. ‘I have an appointment at 5pm,’; ‘the meeting finished at 10am’, and so on. To answer the question we asked on Facebook – should we say ‘I’ll see you …

“Prepositions of Time”


There are two common ways of telling the time: (a) using ‘past’ and ‘to’ or (b) giving hours, then minutes. (a) If we use ‘past’ and ‘to’, we normally use increments of five minutes. Let’s use the example of two o’clock (‘o’clock’ means ‘of the clock’): 2.00 – two o’clock 2.05 – five (minutes) past …

“The Conditional Tenses”


We use the ‘Zero Conditional’ to talk about things that are generally true. Its construction is “If + Present + Present or Imperative”. For example “If it rains, I take an umbrella.” Or, “If you come home late, be quiet.” Notice that the first example communicates something that is generally true and the second communicates …

“Homophones”


Read aloud, you won’t hear any problems with that sentence using any of the options, but only one choice is correct in each case. ‘They’re’ is a contraction of ‘they are’. It usually is followed by an adjective, or a verb ending in ‘ing’ (present continuous form). This is a way you can see if …

‘Bored’ or ‘Boring’?


If we say that someone is ‘bored’, it means that their mood is one of boredom – they are not stimulated by what is happening (‘I’m so bored today, I need to do something different’). If we say someone is ‘boring’, however, the sentence takes on a much more personal, critical tone. This describes the …

“The Present Perfect”


There are different ways to explain when we use the present perfect tense. We can use it when an action is finished but the time is not finished. For example, “I have played tennis this week”. In this example we we are not playing tennis now, but this week is still in progress, so we …