‘For’ vs. ‘Since’


~We use ‘for’ to talk about a period of time. So when you think of time phrases like “ten minutes” or “three months” or “a long time,” the necessary choice is ‘for.’ For example: “I’ve been studying English for five years.” ~We use ‘since’ to specify when a period of time began. This is the …

“Determiners”


There are two main types of determiners: specific and general. Let’s look at specific determiners first. The definite article – ‘the’ – is a specific determiner. If we say ‘the table’, it is assumed that both the speaker and the listener know which table is being talked about. Demonstratives form another group of specific determiners: …

“The Active Voice and the Passive Voice”


Before we go on, let’s take a step back and look at what we’re dealing with here. The Active Voice communicates that the subject does the action, while the Passive Voice communicates that the subject receives the action. We form the Passive Voice by using the verb ‘to be’ and a past participle. For example: …

“Forming The Passive Voice”


We use the passive voice when the subject in the sentence receives the action, as opposed to the active voice, when the subject does the action. It is called the ‘passive voice’ because the subject is not active, therefore it is not doing the action. We form the passive voice by using the verb ‘to …

“Short Answers”


There are other ways that we can make our answers shorter. In normal spoken English, we often use these short answers because it is easier than giving a complete sentence and it is more natural. When you are learning a language it is better to practise with full sentences because you need to learn how …

“The Conditional Tenses”


We use the ‘Zero Conditional’ to talk about things that are generally true. Its construction is “If + Present + Present or Imperative”. For example “If it rains, I take an umbrella.” Or, “If you come home late, be quiet.” Notice that the first example communicates something that is generally true and the second communicates …

“The Passive Voice”


Let’s look at a sentence in the active voice: ~Hank wrote the script. In the active voice, the subject does the action. Hank, the subject, does the action to the object, the script. Now let’s look at that same sentence in the passive voice: ~The script was written by Hank. Now the script is the …

‘Bored’ or ‘Boring’?


If we say that someone is ‘bored’, it means that their mood is one of boredom – they are not stimulated by what is happening (‘I’m so bored today, I need to do something different’). If we say someone is ‘boring’, however, the sentence takes on a much more personal, critical tone. This describes the …

“The Present Perfect”


There are different ways to explain when we use the present perfect tense. We can use it when an action is finished but the time is not finished. For example, “I have played tennis this week”. In this example we we are not playing tennis now, but this week is still in progress, so we …