“Dependent Clauses”


Stage 7 Stage 8 This week we are going to look at two very common types of dependent clauses. But first, let´s just revise what a clause is. A clause is any group of words with a subject and a main verb. We have two types of clauses – Main clauses and Dependent clauses. A …

“The use of the present simple”


Stage 5 Stage 6 Stage 7 Stage 8 The present simple is most commonly used for regular actions – habits; things we do often. For example: ~ I drink coffee every day. ~ Mark plays football at weekends. ~ We study English on Mondays and Wednesdays. It isn’t necessary to state the frequency of the …

“Adverbs of Frequency”


Stage 7 Stage 8 If there’s one thing students learning English know, it’s that the position of words within a sentence is important. Getting this wrong is often an immediate giveaway that the person speaking isn’t a native speaker. Sometimes it’s just hard to know where the words go! In this blog entry we’ll be …

“Relative Pronouns”


Stage 7 Stage 8 In this week’s blog we are going to look at relative pronouns. I am going to speak about the relative pronouns ‘what’, ‘whom’ and ‘whose’. It is first of all important to understand what a relative clause is. A relative clause is a clause that we use to describe a noun. …

“Delexical Verbs”


Stage 7 Stage 8 Generally, verbs are words that describe actions. Run, play, talk, learn, sit, go, read, eat, watch, stand, choose, drink, etc. are all action verbs. They tell us what somebody is doing. Sometimes, however, verbs rely on the nouns that accompany them for their meaning. When this happens, we call such verbs …

“Word Order”


Stage 7 Stage 8 Non-native English speakers often have difficulty deciding where words should be placed in a sentence. This can create problems, as word order is extremely important in English. Unlike ‘free word order’ languages like Latin, English does not rely heavily on inflection to create meaning. In Latin, words can be moved around …

The Many Uses of the Word ‘Mind’


Stage 7 Stage 8 The word ‘mind,’ like the word ‘settle,’ has many different meanings. Therefore it’s a good word to be comfortable with, as there are many different situations in which you can use it.  The first is as a noun, and it refers to the element of a person that allows them to …

“Animal Idioms: Pets”


Stage 7 Stage 8 Stage 9 This week we are going to look at family pets and how they have infiltrated our daily lives. The first thing we should look at is that every animal, whether it be a pet or a wild animal, has a different name for their young. For example, a baby …

“The Different Types of Nouns”


Stage 6 Stage 7 Stage 8 In the beginning, it is said, was the word (to paraphrase a biblical line). If so, that word – whatever it may have been – soon multiplied exponentially. Presently, words begat phrases; phrases begat clauses; clauses, eventually, begat sentences. Before long, homo sapiens was able to engage in phatic …