Stage 3 Stage 4
Homophones: Words That Are Pronounced The Same But Spelt Differently
En el artículo de hoy os vamos a hablar de los homófonos en inglés, esas palabras que se pronuncian igual pero su grafía y significado son diferentes. Sabemos que los homófonos suelen generar muchas confusiones, por eso es importante que vuestro oído reconozca cada sonido y que vuestra pronunciación sea exquisita. Como profesora en Callan School, mi trabajo en las clases de inglés es que aprendáis a distinguir y pronunciar cada palabra y a estructurar el lenguaje hablado correctamente, de modo que consigáis comunicaros en cualquier país de habla inglesa.
We all know that English pronunciation is difficult. One difficult thing to consider when speaking English is the use of ‘homophones’ – these are words that are pronounced the same, but spelt differently. Obviously, we have no choice but to learn the spelling of these words, but what about when it comes to simple grammar? The most similar words are the ones which cause the most confusion (even, sadly, for native English speakers). How do we know when to use ‘there’ or ‘their’? When do we use ‘it’s’ or ‘its’? They sound the same when pronounced! Read on to find out how to use these words!
What are the correct word choices for this sentence?
- They’re/there/their playing with there/they’re/their football over their/there/they’re.
Read aloud, you won’t hear any problems with that sentence using any of the options, but only one choice is correct in each case.
‘They’re’ is a contraction of ‘they are’. It usually is followed by an adjective, or a verb ending in ‘ing’ (present continuous form). This is a way you can see if you’re using it correctly.
- They’re feeling great today.
- They’re doing maths homework.
- They’re very tall for such young children!
’Their’ is a possessive adjective. We use possessive adjectives to show who owns, or possesses something. They go before a noun.
- Their books are on the table.
- I think their house is in Manchester.
- Police use their guns in extreme situations only.
‘There’ is an adverb, relating to the position of something. It means ‘in that place’. It’s the opposite of ‘here’.
- Marie’s granddad is standing over there.
- Where’s your book? Over there, on the chair.
Native English speakers and language learners also commonly confuse the words ‘its’ and ‘it’s’. As they are so similar, and are homophones, they are easily written incorrectly. They perform different functions, however.
Again, one is a possessive adjective. Which one do you think is the possessive adjective? That’s right, ‘its’, without an apostrophe. Where do possessive adjectives go? Before nouns. So, we use the word ‘its’ before nouns, to indicate possession.
- The dog chased its tail (animals are often ‘it’ in English, unless they are ours and we know its gender!).
- To stop the chair moving, put a piece of paper under one of its legs.
‘It’s’ is a contraction of ‘it has’ or ‘it is’ (apostrophes either denote possession or contraction, so a good way to remember this is to imagine what the full form of the sentence would be, without the contraction). For example, the above sentence ‘the dog chased its tail’ could not be ‘the dog chased it has tail’, or ‘the dog chased it is tail’, as those sentences don’t make any sense. Therefore, we know we can’t use ‘its’!
- It’s been raining for six days now. I’m bored of the rain. (it has, as ‘has’ is often followed by a participle)
- It’s a lovely morning to go for a walk! (it is)
- It’s taken me five hours just to do one composition! (it has)
- It’s always cloudy like this in the middle of February.
Now, which is correct?
It’s/its got a fly in it’s/its eye.
It’s got a fly in its eye – it HAS got a fly in its eye (possessive adjective, who or what does the eye belong to?).
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