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We use both words for negations and negative sentences, but often find it difficult to distinguish their differences in how they are used.


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No and Not: their differences in how they are used

1. No, has the same use as in Spanish and is used to answer a question with a binary answer. For example:

  • Are you Rachel?
  • No, I am Sarah.

    2. We use the word Not to construct a negative sentence with an auxiliary verb and with the verb ‘to be’. For example:

  • Are you Rachel?
  • No, I am not Rachel, I am Sarah.

  • I am not a student.
  • I am not learning Spanish.
  • He does not play football.
  • They have not lived in Paris.
  • We cannot speak Russian.
  • She should not worry about it.
  • It will not rain tomorrow.
  • We ought not to miss our lesson.
  • You might not catch the train, etc

    Remember that from the union of these auxiliary verbs with the word ‘not’ we get the following contractions: He doesn’t, They haven’t, We can’t, She shouldn’t, It won’t, You mightn’t, etc.


    Practice what you’ve learned by doing the exercises!


    J. Nicolás
    Callan Team


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