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Here are some tables of the items of vocabulary (idioms, phrasal verbs and colloquial language). The vocabulary is everday language familiar to all English-speaking people and useful to anybody planning to visit an English-speaking country or do business with English-speaking people. The tables list all the definitions of each item and include the phrasal verbs ‘to take up’, ‘to make fun of’, ‘to get by’ and ‘to run over’. They are also accompanied by exercises.
e.g. My father took up golf when he retired.
e.g. My auntie took up residence in France ten years ago and now she is very settled there.
e.g. The wardrobe takes up most of the space in the room.
e.g. If the town hall refuse to take this matter seriously, I will take it up with the national government!.
e.g. We took my brother up on his offer to let us stay at his house in the mountains.
e.g. When Henry got braces on his teeth, the other children made fun of him for it..
e.g. Although they are always rowing, it is obvious that Seán and Sarah really love each other.
e.g. There are five rows of chairs set up in the room for the exam tomorrow.
e.g. I know enough French to get by, but I barely know any German at all..
e.g. Let’s call it a day and come back in early tomorrow to finish the project with fresh eyes..
e.g. I ran over the report again last night before the presentation but I failed to spot anything I had missed the first time.
e.g. My dog Scottie was run over when I was eleven and I cried for a week.
e.g. My mother was cross with me when I quit university to become a fitness trainer but she is proud now I am coaching athletes for the Olympics!
e.g. It is odd that Maria’s brother Simon is so shy when she is such a chatterbox.
e.g. We have lived in three different houses on this street – always on the odd-numbered side.
e.g. I am semi-retired now, but I still do the odd job if something comes up that catches my fancy.
e.g. I tried to organise the library but there are a few odd books that did not fit into any of the subject areas so I put them all together in their own section..
e.g. “Try not to wear odd socks when you go to the interview for your new job, dear!” Seán’s mother said to him.
e.g. There were thirty-odd people at the party, but it seemed like a lot fewer because the room was so huge.
e.g. The odds of Brian passing the exam are very slim.
e.g. Against the odds, Paul Todd has won the Oscar for Best Director this year.
e.g. Police have ruled out the possibililty that the killer is still in hiding in the village and are searching for him or her in the surrounding area.
e.g. Karen turned to her brother when she was in trouble and needed help badly.
Tom turned to alcohol when his marriage ended badly..
e.g. Let’s now turn to the matter of the charity auction: any volunteers?.
e.g. We had a lot of fun on our holidays but now it is time to get back to work.
e.g. I just read a very funny book: I almost fell out of my chair laughing while I was reading it..
e.g. It is funny that John is not here today: he always comes to the café on Wednesdays.
e.g. I tried three times, but could not manage to get through to the mayor’s office.
e.g. I have never been able to get it through to Peter that you need to study hard in order to get a good job in this world.
e.g. Last year was very difficult for Sarah and John, as they had a new baby and a new business to run at the same time; but in the end, they got through it all.
e.g. I am happy that my team has got through to the next stage in the competition, but I doubt they will get very much further..
e.g. “We seem to get through more and more food every month. Where do the kids put it all?”
e.g. The bill has got through the House of Commons, but still needs to be approved by the House of Lords.
e.g. When I finally got hold of my brother, I found out that he was the one who had had my watch all along..
e.g. It is more difficult to get hold of certain medicines in developing countries than it is in the developed world.
e.g. When I found out that he thought that human blood was blue and not red in colour, I asked him where on earth he had got hold of that idea.
e.g. Jim has always been a daunting presence, but recently he is almost impossible to be around as he has taken to bullying and belittling everyone who crosses his path..
e.g. We were all trying to think of a word, and it was on tip of all our tongues, but in the end we still had to look it up.
e.g. When I was young, I always used to look up to my older brother; however, now I am grown up I realise that he is a liar, a gambler and a scoundrel.
e.g. No wonder you are always tired, if you go to sleep at 3.00 am every night!
e.g. John spends all his time eating junk food and playing video games; I dread to think what he will be like when he gets older if he continues this unhealthy lifestyle.
e.g. My cousin Brendan, who is an actor, was in a high-budget film last year that turned out to be a flop at the box office.
e.g. When John got home after work, he flopped onto the sofa and watched TV for an hour before calling his girlfriend Denise
e.g. My dad always used to drop me off at school on his way to work..
e.g. I dropped off in front of the TV last night and when I woke up it was already 4:00 am..
e.g. Demand for portable CD players has dropped off since the introduction of MP3 players and smartphones..
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- Tail Questions – Part II
- Using ‘Should’ for the Past and Future
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